Yu Liufen meets the press during this year's session of the 13th CPPCC National Committee (MA XIAOWEN)
When Yu Liufen answered questions from the media at the Great Hall of the People before the opening of the Second Session of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) on March 3, she stole the show with her inspirational story and forthright approach.
For the past 16 years, Yu has helped residents in Yanbo, a mountainous village in southwest China's Guizhou Province, eradicate poverty and develop the local economy. Her hard work received a lot of attention and last year she was elected a member of the 13th CPPCC National Committee, China's top political advisory body. Now, she is able to be the voice of villagers she helps at the annual sessions of the National People's Congress (NPC) and the CPPCC National Committee on March 3-15.
"Before me, there was no precedent that a woman could be a secretary of a branch of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in villages around my hometown," Yu said.
She is an example of the growing presence of women on China's political stage. On the one hand, they play an increasingly important role in political and social decision-making; on the other, they are the main driving force in promoting the progress of society and leading people to a better life.
In recent years, more women have engaged in legislative and political advisory work.
The Outline for the Development of Chinese Women (2011-20) released by the State Council proposes that the government continue to boost women's participation in decision-making and the administration of state and social affairs and gradually increase seats for women in the leadership of China's central, provincial and municipal governments.
According to the official website of the NPC, among the deputies to this year's NPC session, 742 are women, accounting for 24.9 percent of the total. The number of women deputies has risen by 43 from the group elected for a five-year term in 2013, an increase of 1.5 percent.
Despite the growing number of women deputies, it is still far below the 30-percent mark proposed for legislatures worldwide by the United Nations at the Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995. However, the country has already moved to address the imbalance. In 2008, a regulation was introduced, stating that the proportion of women in the legislature must be higher than 22 percent.
The CPPCC is an important channel for Chinese women to participate in political affairs. This year, the CPPCC National Committee has a total of 2,157 members, including 440 women members. This figure accounts for 20.4 percent of the total number of members, an increase of 2.56 percentage points over the 17.84 percent of the 12th CPPCC National Committee. It is the largest increase since reform and opening up started in 1978 and the highest rate since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.
In addition, regarding local-level institutions, according to the document, at least one seat should be guaranteed for women officials for all county-level governments and above. A 30-percent quota for women in villagers' committees is promised, and at least 10 percent of heads of villagers' committees should be women.
A bellwether of a better life
Women are also playing a leading role in helping build a better society, according to observers.
In 2001, Yu served as the secretary of the CPC Yanbo Branch. At that time, the village was mired in extreme poverty, one third of the residents lived below the national poverty line, with an annual per-capita income of no more than 800 yuan ($119).
"Women were overlooked in the village at that time," said Yu. "Even the money to buy salt had to be sought from their husbands." Yu wanted to change the situation.
With her efforts, a distillery using the traditional methods of the local Yi ethnic group was built. In 2013, the distillery made a successful transition to a limited liability company, Guizhou Yanbo Liquor Industry Co., and villagers became shareholders.
After the establishment of the company, a large number of women villagers were recruited. "I found that the women in the mountains are especially wise. They are diligent, hard-working, careful and practical, and have made great contributions to the development of the local economy," said Yu. Today, two thirds of company employees are women.
Such diverse development has brought prosperity to Yanbo Village. Last year, the annual per-capita income increased to 15,457 yuan ($2,378).
Yu believes women could play a big role in the development of society. "Now the government attaches great importance to all aspects of women entrepreneurship, and we have a big stage," she said, having also set her sights on the need to improve Internet connection and related services in rural areas of China, especially mountain villages.
Women workers at an electric power company check the equipment in a transformer substation in Beijing on February 28 (XINHUA)
During the Two Sessions, women's rights was one of the key issues under discussion.
The Report on the Work of the Government delivered by Premier Li Keqiang states that the government will resolutely prevent gender inequality and identity discrimination in the workplace.
"In response to the new demands created by the full implementation of the second-child policy, we will move faster to develop various types of infant and child-care services, such as encouraging private entities to run child and early childhood education agencies," the report says.
Huang Yuguang, a physician at Peking Union Medical College Hospital and a member of the 13th CPPCC National Committee, proposed that major employers should provide low-cost child-care facilities.
"To relieve the child-care burden on working mothers and encourage the birth of second children, enterprises and institutions should reinstitute nurseries and ease the worries of working mothers," he said.
Liu Yamei, Director of the Publicity Department of the All-China Women's Federation, noticed that after the implementation of the two-child policy in 2016, the willingness of employers to recruit unmarried women decreased, and discrimination in women's employment has become a prominent issue of widespread concern in society.
During the Two Sessions, the All-China Women's Federation suggested that financial preferential policies be implemented for granting certain subsidies to enterprises hiring women. In addition, tax reduction preferential policies should be carried out for enterprises with large numbers of women workers, and the government should establish incentive measures to encourage employers to recruit women.
Copyedited by Francisco Little
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