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Government Documents
UPDATED: March 15, 2010 NO. 11 MARCH 18, 2010
Statistical Communiqué of the People’s Republic of China on the 2009 National Economic and Social Development

In 2009, under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, the people of all nationalities of China, taking as the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of "Three Represents", implemented earnestly the scientific approach to the economic and social development, carefully put into effect the proactive fiscal policy and moderately easy monetary policy, and carried out the package of plans and policies aiming at dealing with the international financial crisis in an all-round way. National economy recovered and was poised to a good direction and all social undertakings achieved new progress.

I. General Outlook

In 2009, the gross domestic product (GDP) of the year was 33,535.3 billion yuan, up 8.7 percent from the previous year. Analyzed by different industries, the value added of the primary industry was 3,547.7 billion yuan, up 4.2 percent, that of the secondary industry was 15,695.8 billion yuan, up 9.5 percent and the tertiary industry was 14,291.8 billion yuan, up 8.9 percent. The value added of the primary industry accounted for 10.6 percent of the GDP, dropped by 0.1 percentage point from that in the pervious year, that of the secondary industry accounted for 46.8 percent, down 0.7 percentage point, and that of the tertiary industry accounted for 42.6 percent, up 0.8 percentage point.

The general level of consumer prices in China was down by 0.7 percent from the previous year. Of this total, the prices for food went up by 0.7 percent. The prices for investment in fixed assets were down by 2.4 percent. The producer prices for manufactured goods dropped by 5.4 percent, of which, the prices for the means of production went down by 6.7 percent, and for means of subsistence decreased by 1.2 percent. The purchasing prices for raw materials, fuels and power went down by 7.9 percent. The producer prices for farm products were down by 2.4 percent. The prices for means of agricultural production were down by 2.5 percent. The sales prices for housing in 70 large and medium-sized cities were up by 1.5 percent, of which, that for new residential buildings went up by 1.3 percent, for second hand housing grew by 2.4 percent, and the prices for rental and leasing were down by 0.6 percent.

At the end of 2009, the total employed people in China numbered 779.95 million, 5.15 million more than that of 2008. Of this total, 311.20 million were employed in urban areas, a net increase of 9.10 million, a newly increase of 11.02 million. The urban unemployment rate through unemployment registration was 4.3 percent at the end of 2009, an increase of 0.1 percentage point over that of 2008.

At the end of 2009, China's foreign exchange reserves reached $2,399.2 billion, an increase of $453.1 billion as compared with that at the end of the pervious year. At the year end, the exchange rate was 6.8282 yuan to $1, an appreciation of 0.1 percent over that at the end of 2008.

In 2009, the total fiscal revenue reached 6,847.7 billion yuan, up 11.7 percent or an increase of 714.7 billion yuan over that in the previous year. Of this total, the taxes collected in the whole year reached 5,951.5 billion yuan, up 9.8 percent or an increase of 529.1 billion yuan over 2008.

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