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Print Edition> Lifestyle
UPDATED: July 9, 2012 NO. 28 JULY 12, 2012
Engineering China's Science
Chinese scientists help shape national policies
By Tang Yuankai

PARTICIPANTS: Chinese academicians in science, technology and engineering attend the conference at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on June 11, 2012 (RAO AIMIN)

Editor's Note: In the midst of exceptional scientific advancements, China's top academic institutions are receiving unprecedented attention for their contributions to the nation's progress in science and engineering. The Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, home to the country's top scientific think tanks, are leading the way to China's future. Following this issue, Beijing Review will introduce a member from one of the aforementioned academies every three weeks, highlighting their achievements and presenting to readers the hardcore leaders of Chinese science and engineering development.

China's best and brightest are set to take on some of the country's most important policies in science and technology. But a recent dispute over a new member's controversial background shows that even the stuffy environment of academics can be rattled by gossip and intrigue.

Top Chinese scientists met to discuss the country's scientific goals in Beijing from June 11 to 15 at a biennial conference, in the biggest gathering of experts from the fields of science and engineering in China.

More than 1,200 academicians attended the conference, composed of the 16th General Assembly of the Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and 11th General Assembly of the Members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE). Since 1997, the CAS and the CAE have jointly carried out the biennial meeting.

The academicians do research and provide consultations on major global challenges. Many of their suggestions have been adopted by the Central Government. The conference helps promote a more balanced and democratic decision-making process in shaping national policies, said Zhu Daoben, a famous Chinese chemist and one of the leaders of all academicians.

Sparking debate

This year's conference was overshadowed by arguments concerning the integrity of the current academician system's recruitment standards.

Attendees debated whether a CAE academician named Xie Jianping, whose recent entry into the group stirred controversy due to his ties with the tobacco industry, would participate in the gathering. Xie never showed up, but the debate never ceased.

Xie is vice president of Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of China National Tobacco Corp. When his name appeared on the list of newly elected academicians by the CAE on December 8, 2011, he and the recruitment committee were widely criticized online.

Known as the "tobacco academician" by netizens, Xie's research in reducing the tar content of cigarettes came under fire, as critics accused him of promoting tobacco sales and encouraging more people to smoke.

In addition to the online opposition, more than 20 CAE academicians of health care condemned Xie's research as misleading, and close to 100 wrote a letter asking the CAE to review his qualifications.

The CAE turned down the appeals by explaining that Xie did not violate any rules or regulations and that the procedure of Xie's admission is in line with CAE standards. However, CAE academician Zhong Nanshan said if the admission procedures are against the welfare of the people, then they must be revised.

CAE and CAS have undoubtedly recognized the pitfalls in its system.

"To improve the recruitment system is an important aspect of the country's middle and long-term talent planning," said Bai Chunli, President of CAS, at the conference in Beijing, "This job will be led by CAS, and completed jointly with CAE, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Technology."

"In 2012 we will complete a special report concerning the recruitment system, and submit them to the government for scrutiny," Bai added.

International support

It was great that Chinese scientists could participate in the country's national strategic information consulting, and join in the long-term planning of the country's scientific and technological development through research subjects, said Colin Blakemore, a professor of neuroscience at the University of Oxford, a member of the Royal Society of the United Kingdom, and also a foreign academician of CAE. Meanwhile, he added, government officials often consulted the academicians while making policies.

Blakemore's opinion was echoed by Alfred Y. Cho, another foreign academician of CAS. Cho was also president of Semiconductor Research Laboratory of Bell Labs. Inviting scientists to provide consultation in the work of government is conducive to the country's scientific and technological development, said Cho.

"We will always need the suggestions and support of foreign academicians on our march to a higher level," said Bai.

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