Call It a Comeback
Chinese companies have had a tough time finding a warm welcome in U.S. markets over the past few years. The global economic downturn and high-profile accounting missteps have dampened investors' interest in funding initial public offerings (IPOs) from the East. But with the hotly anticipated debut of Chinese e-commerce company Alibaba on U.S. financial markets, investors are feeling the magic once again.
The IPO of Alibaba, expected in the first half of 2014, is expected to raise $10 billion to $15 billion, the biggest IPO since Facebook's debut in 2012. The listing would help the company triple its annual revenue of $5 billion by 2016, overtaking Wal-Mart as the world's biggest retail network.
Alibaba is the biggest listing in a surge of Chinese-based IPOs that have been backed up over the past two years due to concerns over fraud and allegation of financial irregularities. As concerns ease, 2013 may be known as a turning point in the trading markets.
The eight Chinese companies that listed on U.S. exchanges in 2013 raised about $800 million and produced an average return of 61 percent, according to Renaissance Capital's report. Their success is easing investors' fears over overstated financials and fraudulent accounting.
The momentum is expected to carry into this year, with more than 20 Chinese companies expected to list on the U.S. exchanges, according to PricewaterhouseCoopers.
Alibaba's rival and China's second-largest e-commerce company, JD.com, signaled its own intentions to list on U.S. markets on January 30, filing a placeholder of up to $1.5 billion in preparation for an IPO. JD.com is expected to raise $4 billion to $5 billion with a U.S. listing.
The United States "will be a logical place to invest, knowing that China in the long run will be a viable partner and a player in global markets," said analysts at Renaissance Capital, a Greenwich, Connecticut-based research and investment firm that focuses on IPOs, in a new report. "People are trying to get in at the very initial stage of this happening."
The investment relationship is not just a one-way street. As American money funnels into Chinese companies, billions of dollars were funneled last year into U.S. companies by Chinese investors. Excluding bond purchases, Chinese investment in the United States set a record last year at over $14 billion, rising more than 50 percent from 2012, according to conservative think tank partners The American Enterprise Institute and The Heritage Foundation. The record-breaking investment pushed the United States past Australia as the leading target for Chinese funding. Since 2005, the United States has received about $60 billion in Chinese non-bond investment.
Furthermore, more than 70 percent of investment last year from China came from private enterprises. Chinese companies are becoming big employers of Americans, according to Rhodium, providing more than 70,000 full-time jobs in 2013. Leading employers were Huawei Technologies, Lenovo and Smithfield (a U.S. pork processor acquired last year by Shuanghui in a $7.1 billion deal).
This unparalleled investment on both sides points to the solidity of relations between China and the United States on all levels—diplomatically, financially and even in matters of national security. More than ever, the two countries are intertwined with a mutual interest in maintaining friendly relations. This type of balanced relationship is what the world needs. It's a new era of global relations, in which the economic rise of a country is not a threat to its neighbors, but rather a positive development for all.
This is an article by Corrie Dosh, a contributing writer to Beijing Review, living in New York City
Yuan Use Expansion
The People's Bank of China (PBC) announced on February 19 that China would continue to expand the cross-border use of the yuan this year.
The central bank will gradually upgrade the yuan formation mechanism and expand the exchange rate's floating range in an orderly way.
The statement came after Shanghai free trade zone (FTZ) announced on February 18 that five third-party payment firms have been approved to handle yuan-denominated cross-border payments in the zone.
The Shanghai Office of the PBC said that Allinpay, 99Bill, ChinaPay, Dongfang Electronics and Shengpay are now allowed to process cross-border payments in the renminbi in the FTZ.
The Bank of China cross-border renminbi index hit a record high of 228 in the fourth quarter of 2013.
The yuan's cross-border settlement was 3.64 trillion yuan ($597 billion) in the first 11 months of 2013, 350 times that in 2009, the PBC said at a work-planning meeting in January.
Oil refiner Sinopec announced on February 19 that it would bring in social and private capital to market and sell its oil products, the first opening up of the largely monopolized sector.
The Sinopec website said that the board of directors had approved a decision on mixed-ownership operations.
Sinopec will restructure its sales business after evaluation of current assets and debt, and the stake of private capital will hinge on market conditions.
The move made Sinopec the first of the three big state oil companies, including PetroChina and CNOOC, to bring in private capital into the sales business since the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Communist Party of China Central Committee decided in November that more state-owned enterprises should develop mixed ownership.
Automobile sales in January
Market share of domestic brand cars in January
Proportion of sales by the top five carmakers in January
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