Premier Wen Jiabao delivered the government work report during the opening meeting of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC)—China's top legislature—in Beijing on March 5. Beijing Review reporters Yin Pumin, Zeng Wenhui, Wang Wenjie and Liu Jian spoke to NPC deputies and members of the 12th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)—China's top political advisory body—to hear their views on topics covered in the report, ranging from expanding medical insurance to increasing private investment. Edited Excerpts follow:
An Inspiring Report
This year's government work report is in line with the people's expectations.
Bai Shangcheng, NPC deputy, Mayor of Wuzhong City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
It's an answer to people's desire for a better life. The report shows that our government is willing to shoulder responsibilities.
This is the first NPC session after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the session in which a new government was elected.
Therefore, this year's work report should have included an overall layout for the future, so that the new government can have a clear-cut orientation.
Zheng Jinchun, CPPCC member, Deputy Chief Procurator of Inner Mongolia People's Procuratorate
It's the first time the term "legal oversight" has appeared in the government work report, marking huge progress for the country.
"We should uphold democratic, legal and public opinion-based oversight and improve the system to ensure that the people monitor the exercise of power," according to the report.
In the future, the general public should participate in major projects and major decision-making processes.
More promotional activities about relevant laws and regulations on the punishment of the abuse of power by civil servants should be held.
A Good Way to Create Jobs
Hou Yuwen, NPC deputy, Manager of Xinhaian Business Hotel in Pingxiang, Jiangxi Province
The government should allow for easier access to financing for small and micro startup businesses in the service sector. Premier Wen's remarks on further fostering the service sector are of huge significance. The service sector will expand with greater opportunities.
The sector is forever a rising-sun industry. Although it doesn't always have a high profit margin on the whole, it can offer a considerable amount of employment opportunities for people.
The government should further lower the threshold for financing start-up businesses. Despite the micro financing and interest-free loans already on offer, those wishing to start their own businesses still encounter difficulties securing bank loans.
Financial institutions should offer loans according to the feasibility of business plans, the credibility of borrowers and their ambitions for the business.
Salaries of farmers who are engaged in the seed production business should also be raised. For the past three to four decades, many farms in Pingxiang have worked for a seed production business in Sanya, Hainan Province. Because the land they are using in Hainan is rented, those farmers can't receive subsidies granted by the Central Government to rural residents.
The structure of subsidy allocation should be adjusted so that farmers who are actually working in the field can enjoy it, such as the seed production farmers. Right now, they have to compete with growers of other highly profitable plants in terms of land, electricity and water. Seed production is very important to the country and we should give it more support.