DECISIONMAKING: Members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China attend the committee's Second Plenary Session in Beijing on February 28 (YAO DAWEI)
The 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) concluded its Second Plenary Session in Beijing on February 28. A total of 204 CPC Central Committee members and 168 alternate members attended.
The three-day session adopted a list of candidates for state leadership positions and a government restructuring plan.
A communiqué issued after the plenary session announced the list would be recommended to the presidium of the First Session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC), China's national legislature. The 12th NPC kicked off its first annual session on March 5.
According to an agenda suggested by the 11th NPC Standing Committee last December, the 12th NPC will elect a chairperson, vice chairpersons, secretary general and members of its Standing Committee, as well as the country's president and vice president during its first annual session.
The NPC session will also decide the premier and vice premiers of the State Council, or China's cabinet, as well as state councilors, ministers for government departments, ministers in charge of commissions of the State Council, governor of the People's Bank of China, auditor general and secretary general of the State Council.
In addition, the NPC session will determine the chairperson, vice chairpersons and members of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China (PRC), as well as the heads of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
The CPC Central Committee also adopted a list of candidates for the leadership of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), the country's top advisory body, and decided to recommend it to the presidium of the First Session of the 12th CPPCC National Committee, which opened in Beijing on March 3.
The CPC Central Committee session adopted a plan on institutional restructuring and the functional transformation of the State Council and suggested that the State Council submit it at the national legislature's session.
The meeting's participants vowed to push forward the reform of China's administrative system and further separate government administration from enterprises, investment, social programs and communal management, the session's communiqué said.
They stressed the importance of building a public service-oriented government featuring better functions, improved structure, cleanness and high efficiency.
The government restructuring plan aims at simpler and decentralized administration, as well as improved administrative efficiency. To achieve that end, the CPC Central Committee agreed that the government will steadily press ahead with "super-ministry" reform, reduce bureaucracy in administrative examinations and approval and transfer some responsibilities to lower levels.
The CPC Central Committee pledged to reform the social organization management system, improve and enhance macro-management, build basic systems and strengthen administration by law.
According to the communiqué, market and social forces will be given a greater role in allocating resources and managing social affairs, respectively.
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