In his Government Work Report to the Second Session of the National People's Congress on March 5, Premier Li Keqiang pledged to deepen reform so as to create a powerful impetus, and said that structural adjustments should be made a main priority and improving people's well-being be a fundamental goal. The following are excerpts from the nine major tasks listed in Li's work report.
Make breakthroughs in reform in important areas
Reform is the top priority for the government's work this year. We will focus on economic structural reform, advance it on different fronts in a targeted way in light of different conditions, take key measures that will have an overall impact, strive to make substantial progress and reap more benefits from reform.
- Deepen reform of the administrative system.
- Give high priority to reforming the fiscal and tax systems.
- Deepen reform of the financial sector.
- Enhance the vitality of economic entities under all forms of ownership.
Make domestic demand the main engine driving growth
Boosting domestic demand is both a major force driving economic growth and an important structural adjustment. We need to fully leverage the basic role of consumption and the key role of investment, foster new regional economic mainstay belts, stimulate both supply and demand, and establish a permanent mechanism for increasing domestic demand.
- Focus on boosting consumption.
- Take investment as the key to maintaining stable economic growth.
- Make developing new regional economic belts a strategic step for stimulating development.
- Steadfastly promote land and marine development in a coordinated way.
Usher in a new phase of China's opening to the outside world and ensuring its high standard performance
Opening up and reform have been launched as integral parts of the same initiative as they are mutually reinforcing. We will foster a new open-economy system and advance a new ground of opening up to embrace the international market. This will lead to deeper reform and structural adjustment and enable us to enhance China's ability to compete internationally.
- Open China wider to the outside world in all areas.
- Make it a strategic priority to upgrade exports and promote balanced growth of foreign trade.
- Increase China's competitiveness through expanding its overseas business presence.
- Engage in bilateral, multilateral and regional opening up and cooperation in a coordinated way.
Advance agricultural modernization and rural reform and development
Agriculture is important for expanding domestic demand and making structural adjustment, and it is a sector vital for ensuing China's stability and maintaining public confidence. We must make doing a good job in our work relating to agriculture, rural areas and farmers the number one priority in all our endeavors and accelerate agricultural modernization in order to ensure China's food security and increase farmer's incomes.
- Strengthen policies for supporting and protecting agriculture.
- Strengthen the foundation of agricultural and rural development.
- Vigorously push forward rural reform.
- Explore new ways to alleviate poverty through development.
Carry out a new type of people-centered urbanization
Urbanization is the sure route to modernization and an important basis for integrating urban and rural structures. We must improve the system and mechanisms for integrating rural and urban development and embark on a new path of urbanization. This new type of urbanization should have the following features: putting people first; integrating the development of industrialization, IT application, urbanization and agricultural modernization; improving the spatial layout; protecting the ecological environment; and carrying forward Chinese culture.
We must follow the natural law concerning urbanization, carry it out actively and prudently, and work harder to raise its quality. For some time to come, we will focus on three tasks, each concerning 100 million people: granting urban residency to around 100 million rural people who have moved to cities, rebuilding rundown city areas and villages inside cities where around 100 million people live, and guiding the urbanization of around 100 million rural residents of the central and western regions in cities there.
- Grant urban residency in an orderly manner to rural people who have moved to cities.
- Increase support for a new type of urbanization in central and western regions.
- Strengthen management innovation and institutional development pertaining to urbanization.