China always believes the disputes in the South China Sea should be properly resolved through negotiations between the parties to the disputes on the basis of facts and in accordance with the basic norms governing international relations. Before the final settlement of the disputes, the parties concerned may put aside their disputes and engage in joint development. China and the relevant countries have reached important agreements on peacefully resolving disputes and pushing forward practical cooperation in the South China Sea. China and ASEAN countries have reached agreements on the guidelines on the implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea.
It serves the common interests of all parties concerned and meets the aspiration of the international community to uphold peace and security on the Korean Peninsula, achieve the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and the normalization of relations between relevant countries, and build a peace and security mechanism for Northeast Asia. The six-party talks have become an effective mechanism and important platform for discussing and resolving the above-mentioned issues.
As the chair of the six-party talks, China has stayed in close touch with other relevant parties. We have always encouraged dialogue in pursuit of a peaceful settlement of relevant issues and our work has achieved important results. We hope all the parties concerned will pool their wisdom, remove disturbances and work together to play a constructive role in advancing the six-party process and achieving the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and lasting peace and stability in Northeast Asia.
The Second Nuclear Security Summit will be held in Seoul later this month. During the summit, there will be discussions on enhancing the security of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities and guarding against nuclear terrorism. I believe with the joint efforts of all the participants, the summit will also set out new, concrete measures related to nuclear security. That can help further build up international consensus on nuclear security and inject new dynamism into related international efforts.
We firmly believe people in the Middle East know best the situation there, issues in the Middle East region should be resolved by the people of the Middle East, and the future and destiny of the region should be determined by the people there.
Over the years, China has been a firm supporter of the just cause of the Arab countries and their people. The two sides have forged a deep friendship, and there are no historical grievances between the two sides. What the two sides have is expanding common interests and the consensus of working together to uphold peace and promote development.
It is true that China and some Arab countries may sometimes differ in specific ways of action, but the two sides have the same overall objective of promoting stability, development and prosperity in the Middle East. Cooperation between China and Arab countries is comprehensive and strategic, and the friendship and cooperation between the two sides can stand the test of changing international circumstances. Peace, stability and development in the Middle East serves the fundamental interests of both people in that region and the international community. This is the overarching purpose and end goal in our dealing with relevant issues in the Middle East.
We are opposed to the development and possession of nuclear weapons by any country in the Middle East, including Iran. At the same time, we believe all countries, while fulfilling their obligations, have the right to the peaceful use of nuclear energy. We believe the Iranian nuclear issue should be properly handled and resolved though dialogue not confrontation, through cooperation not sanctions. We are opposed to imposing unilateral sanctions. We place high importance on the mechanism of consultation and negotiation between the "P5 plus one" (UN Security Council's five permanent members and Germany) and Iran. China has stayed in close communication and coordination with the United States, Russia, the EU, and other members concerned. We hope the next round of dialogue under this mechanism will happen soon, so as to push forward the process of seeking a proper settlement of the Iranian nuclear issue.
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