The August 7th Meeting, the Zunyi Meeting and the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee are considered some of the important meetings that were of turning-point significance in the history of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The year of 1927 saw the failure of the First Chinese Revolutionary Civil War, during which the then Kuomingtang regime betrayed China's revolution and brutally repressed members of the CPC. At this critical moment, the CPC Central Committee held an emergency meeting at Hankou, central China's Hubei province, on August 7th, 1927. The meeting timely ended the right-wing capitulationist mistakes and set right the CPC's general guidelines that demanded Land Revolution and armed fight against the Kuomintang reactionaries in the following new period. This important meeting had found a new way out for the CPC which was then suffering from ideological and organizational disturbance, and made a great contribution in saving the Party and the Chinese revolution.
In October, 1934, the Red Army had to resort to a strategic retreat due to Wang Ming's leftist adventurism. Half way through the Long March, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held in January of 1935 a big meeting in Zunyi, southwest China's Guizhou province. The meeting ended the leadership of leftist Dogmatism and elected Mao Zedong as the leader of the Party and the Red Army. The Zunyi Meeting is considered a vital turning point in the history of the CPC and the Red Army.
In December 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee was held in Beijing. The meeting resumed the Party's ideological guiding principle of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts. The meeting made a strategic decision to shift the country's focus onto the socialist construction and modernization drive. It had decided to begin a nationwide economic reform and opening up. The meeting also re-emphasized the Party's organizational guiding principles of democratic centralism inside the Party, to improve and strengthen the Party's regulations and laws, and to intensify the bodies of the Party's leadership at all levels. The meeting also resolved a series of key problems left over from history and put right the records of some key state leaders who had been wronged.
The Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee had helped the nation completely break away from the bondage of the leftist mistakes and set right the Party's guiding principles. It helped open up a brand new chapter in the history of the Party and the nation, and is considered a great strategic turning point which had a far-reaching significance in the history of the CPC.
(CRIENGLISH.com September 20, 2007)