Xi Jinping (R) visits an impoverished villager in the Luotuowan Village of Fuping County, north China’s Hebei Province on December 30, 2012. (XINHUA)
Eliminating poverty, improving people’s livelihoods, and realizing common prosperity are the essential requirements of socialism. Since the 18th Communist Party of China (CPC) National Congress, the CPC Central Committee, with President Xi Jinping at the core, has placed poverty alleviation in a prominent position, put forward new thoughts and ideas, and made new decisions and arrangements to advance China’s poverty relief campaign.
Here is a look at the timeline of Xi's efforts on fighting poverty.
During his visit to impoverished villages in north China’s Fuping County, Chinese President Xi Jinping said the most arduous and heavy task facing China in completing the building of a moderately prosperous society is in the rural areas, especially the poverty-stricken regions.
While joining deputies in panel discussions at the annual session of the National People’s Congress, Xi said poverty alleviation should not be like “killing fleas with a hand-grenade” or resort to indiscriminate measures. The poor population should be accurately identified, assisted and managed.
During an inspection tour in central China’s Hunan Province, Xi visited Shibadong, a Miao minority village labeled poor at the time, where he put forward the concept of “targeted poverty alleviation.” The term refers to measures that include a system to keep track of every household and individual in poverty to verify that their treatment is having the desired effect.
Xi said no single ethnic minority group should be left behind in the country’s building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects.
During a meeting with Party chiefs of 24 counties and cities from Shaanxi and Gansu provinces and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Xi said a well-off society is incomplete if people in old revolutionary base areas cannot shake off poverty.
Xi delivered a keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the 2015 Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum, saying that China has lifted more than 600 million people out of poverty in the past 30 years, and China was the first developing country to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) target of reducing the population living in poverty by half ahead of the 2015 deadline.
While striving to reduce poverty at home, China has also actively supported the cause in other developing countries. Over the past 60 years, China has provided 166 countries and international organizations with nearly 400 billion yuan in assistance.
Xi led a conference on poverty alleviation and development. The conference, attended by senior leaders of the CPC Central Committee and the central government, and major provincial-level officials, was the first such high-level meeting ever held at the time. Officials made a "soldiers' pledge" to the central leadership.
During a trip to Shenshan Village, a poverty-stricken village in the city of Jinggangshan, in Jiangxi Province, Xi met with villagers and the village party chief to learn about the progress that had been made in poverty relief through “precision” measures.
“Not a single family living in poverty is to be left behind on our path to combating poverty,” Xi told the Shenshan villagers.
Xi urged developed regions in the east to help their partner regions in the west better fight poverty at a national conference on poverty alleviation through east-west cooperation in Yinchuan, capital city of China’s Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
During an inspection tour to Qinghai Province, Xi said relocation is an effective way to relieve poverty, and stressed the importance of listening to what the villagers want and letting them participate in planning their new villages.
Xi said that the building of new villages should be integrated with measures to promote production and employment, improve basic public services and protect ethnic, regional and cultural features and styles.
—End of 2018
The Dulong ethnic minority group in China’s Yunnan Province announced that it had been officially taken off the list of impoverished areas in 2018. When answering a letter from the Dulong people, Xi said that “poverty eradication is only the first step, better days are yet to come.”
Chinese President Xi Jinping, also General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, talks to villagers who are participating in festive activities, and extends his New Year’s greetings to people of all ethnic groups across the country, on a public square of Huawu Village, Xinren Miao Township of Qianxi County, Bijie, southwest China’s Guizhou Province, February 3, 2021(XINHUA)
The Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region was removed from the country’s impoverished county list.
In an instruction on poverty elimination among the ethnic group, Xi called on the Maonan people to take poverty elimination as a new starting point for a better life, and continue with efforts to make their lives more prosperous.
Xi urged continuous efforts to win a complete victory in the battle against poverty as China marked the seventh National Poverty Relief Day, saying that 2020 was the decisive year for completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects and eradicating poverty nationwide.
In a letter of congratulations to the International Forum on Sharing Poverty Reduction Experience held in Beijing, Xi said that the cause of poverty reduction is facing severe challenges as the COVID-19 pandemic rages across the world, and China is willing to work with all countries to promote international poverty reduction and build a community with a shared future for humanity.
While delivering a televised New Year speech to ring in 2021, Xi said China had secured a great historic achievement for fully building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and a decisive victory in poverty eradication.
In 2020, after eight years of efforts, all of China’s nearly 100 million impoverished rural residents living below the current poverty line had shaken off poverty.
Source: Xinhua News Agency