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Pakistani and Chinese scientists work together to reuse organic waste
  ·  2023-04-21  ·   Source: The Daily Mail, Pakistan

Research institutes in Pakistan and China are working together on the reuse of organic waste in Pakistan. "We aim to install the first pilot scale project on campus, utilizing the campus food waste," Dr. Farrukh Raza Amin, Assistant Professor at Department of Chemistry, COMSATS University Islamabad told China Economic Net. 

For over two years, he has been working with Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences on anaerobic acidification of organic wastes and value-added chemicals production. 

"Through the lab-scale experiment, we have developed strains that produces chemicals including Butyric acid, acetate and propionate from food waste. These chemicals are widely used in pharmaceutical, food and paint industry," Dr. Farrukh Raza Amin said.  

Furthermore, scientists of the project work to establish a database on organic waste in Pakistan, which includes the characteristics of the feedstock, methane production performance and other basic data to do a systematic study. 

The establishment of this information database will benefit both Chinese and Pakistani researchers to pursue research in the given field and provide an important basis to formulate relevant policies and promote the comprehensive utilization of organic waste. The project is also in line with the "energy efficiency and clean energy production practices at industrial scale" spelled out in sustainable development goals-7 proposed by United Nations, which are intended to be achieved by the year 2030.

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a widely adopted technology used for producing biogas along with the digestate used as a fertilizer. However, using a wide range of organic wastes and residuals as substrate and diverse microbial community structure of the bioreactor makes AD as one of the most complicated biochemical processes.

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