Workers disinfect medical supplies donated by the World Health Organization at Juba International Airport in Juba, South Sudan, on September 4 (XINHUA)
In a video message to the conference, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called the COVID-19 pandemic the "greatest crisis of our age."
Guterres called for worldwide solidarity to meet the challenges of the epidemic: "Developed countries must support health systems in countries that are short of resources."
"Since the novel coronavirus took hold more than nine months ago, lives and livelihoods have been lost and economies and societies have been upended," World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in his message.
Tedros stressed that the impact goes far beyond the sufferings caused by the virus itself, with major disruptions to global services for hunger, immunization, non-communicable diseases, family planning and others.
A number of European countries are putting into place new restriction measures as a second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic gathered pace across the continent. Spain and France each have had more than 1 million confirmed cases.
Customers dine at a restaurant on Plaza Mayor amid the COVID-19 pandemic in Madrid, Spain, September 18 (XINHUA)
"The dramatic spikes in recent weeks across the world and especially here in Europe reflect a picture that is getting worse by the day," European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said in her speech. "More than at any point in human history, the health of one country directly affects that of another."
Von der Leyen also said that in today's world, people need to look after their health "through global health cooperation, not through global health competition."
She also announced in her speech that she will convene a Global Health Summit next year alongside with the prime minister of Italy, which holds next year's G20 presidency, with the aim "to bring all global efforts together and learn the lessons of the crisis and update global health cooperation for this age of pandemics".
"At this historic moment for science and humanity, we face the great challenge for medical science to bridge instead of to divide, to synthesise instead of to oppose, so that we survive together, demonstrating the wisdom, health diplomacy, and humanitarian policy mankind deserves and calls for at such times," Giorgos Patoulis, regional governor of Attica, Greece, told Xinhua in an interview last month.
Vaccines as global public goods
Many participants at this year's conference call for COVID-19 vaccines to be a global public good.
In April, the WHO, the European Commission and multiple other partners launched "The Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator" to catalyse the development and equitable distribution of vaccines, diagnostics and therapeutics, according to Tedros.
"But the greatest challenge we face now is not scientific or technical," he said.
"Can countries come together in solidarity to share the fruits of research? Or will misguided nationalism hobble our response?" he asked.
"We are investing heavily not only in research and innovation, but also in our vaccine strategy to increase the production capacity of companies supplying vaccines to both the European Union (EU) and non-EU countries," said Von der Leyen.
The EU has invested 459 million euros (542 million U.S. dollars) in grants for 103 new research projects, and by the end of 2020, the EU will invest 1 billion euros (1.18 billion dollars) into COVID-19 research and innovation, she added.
In his video message, German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier said that "COVID-19 challenges us all, the virus knows no borders, it is indifferent to the nationality of its victims."
"We must overcome the pandemic with a spirit of cooperation, not of 'vaccine nationalism,'" he said.
"While we are doing everything we can to ensure the British people to get access to a successful vaccine as soon as possible, nobody is safe until we are all safe so global cooperation is absolutely critical if we are to defeat this virus once and for all," British Secretary for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Alok Sharma said in a statement in August.
China has announced that its COVID-19 vaccine, once developed and put into use, will be a global public good, and it will also promote the accessibility and affordability of vaccines in developing countries.
When China made the announcement, French daily Les Echos said that "China, which has succeeded in virtually eradicating the virus, very early on injected billions of yuan into the search for a vaccine. China's participation is a big win for COVAX Facility," an international initiative co-led by the WHO and partners to ensure equitable global access to COVID-19 vaccines.
"China has also made a significant effort to assist European countries in procuring the materials needed to fight COVID-19. We hope that this will also be the case when the vaccine goes into use," said Maja Muskic, professor at Ivan Goran Kovacic School in Vinkovci, Croatia.
China's solutions, contributions
Gao Fu, director of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, shared China's solutions for the pandemic during an online panel discussion at the summit.
The key to China's success in controlling a number of epidemic outbreaks, according to Gao, was its ability to quickly identify the source of the disease and cut the chain of transmission by effective disease control departments of all levels in China.
Gao also said that the construction of the headquarters of the African Center for Disease Control and Prevention, which is supported by China, has entered the final stage.
"Our deepest congratulations go to the front-line health workers in China and the population who worked together tirelessly to bring the disease to this very low level," said Dr. Michael Ryan, executive director of WHO's Health Emergencies Program, at a routine WHO press briefing in September.
Dr. Mohammed Abdul-Hussein (R) and CT technician Hanan Jamal examine lung images in a Chinese-built CT room at al-Shifaa Center in Baghdad, Iraq, October 12 (XINHUA)
Ryan attributed to China's success to a "huge partnership between communities, scientific institutions, public health institutions in the government" and "a lot of cooperation, very sustained commitment to getting the job done."
Sylwester Szafarz, former consul general of Poland in Shanghai, China, told Xinhua that the behavior and activities of the Chinese people are particularly remarkable and precious amid the pandemic.
"They are aiming at sharing valuable Chinese experience and expertise, modern equipment and highly qualified medical personnel with numerous other nations in need, thus reducing the danger and scope of the pandemic and its harmful global consequences. This is the famous Chinese humanism in international action, which is the community with a shared future for mankind," said Szafarz, who is also an expert on international issues.